Information about Nepal: Nepal at Glance

Official Name:

  • Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Area:

  • 147,181 Sq. Km

Geography:

  •  Highly diverse as altitude ranging from 600 meter from sea level to 8848 meter from sea level, Land locked country, China (Tibet) on northern territory and India of Southern, Western and Eastern Territory.

Capital:

  • Kathmandu Metropolitan City is capital of Nepal; Kathmandu is home to Seven UNESCO world heritage site. Currently Kathmandu valley has three major cities named “Kathmandu”, “Bhaktapur” & “Lalitpur” which were independent state ruled by the Malla Kings before unification of Nepal in the 18th Century.

Population:

  • According to census of 2012 26.29 million people residing in Kathmandu.

Language:

  • Nepali is official national language however people speak Newari, Bhojpuri, Maithili, Gurung, Tamang, Lama and many more. Mostly people from urban area speak English quite well.

Climate:

  • Nepal has four season, Four each quarter of year namely
  • Winter (December to February)
  • Spring (March to May)
  • Summer (June to August)
  • Autumn (September to November)

Political System:

  • Federal Democratic Republic

 

People/Religion:

  • Nepal has more than 105 ethnic groups which can be divided into two major branches, i.e.
  • Indo-Burman
  • Mongoloid

Regarding the religion there is perfect religious harmony in between all religions in Nepal. Dominated by Hinduism people are practicing Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam as other major religion.

Administrative Division:

  • Nepal is vertically divided into five-development region, along with fourteen zones and seventy-five districts.

Geographical Division:

  • Nepali is horizontally divided into three regions as
  • Mountain Region
  • Hilly Region &
  • Terai Region

 

Entry Procedures to Nepal

All foreigners, except Indian citizens need to posses to valid copy of passport and visa in order to enter Nepal. Visa can be grab from Nepali diplomatic missions and consular offices abroad or as per arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport as well as all ground entry points.

 

Visa Information:

Tourist Visa

Out of one visa year, maximum days tourist visa will be granted is 150 days where visa year mean January to December.

Transit Visa

Foreigners who is going to stay in Nepal for a night & willing to use Nepal’s airport to visit another country with plane ticket as well as foreigners accidentally force landed plane for any circumstances will be able to obtain transit visa for one day.

Visa Fee:

  • US $ 25 for Tourist Visa with multiple entry for 15 days
  • US $ 40 for Tourist Visa with multiple entry for 30 days
  • US $100 for Tourist Visa with multiple entry for 100 days

Entry and Exit points to Nepal

Via Air Travels

  • Tribhuvan International Airport, Central Development Region

Via Road Travels

  • Kakarbhitta, Eastern Development Region via Indian Border
  • Birgunj, Central Development Region via Indian Border
  • Kodari, Central Development Region via Tibet Border
  • Belhiya, Western Development Region via Indian Border
  • Jamunah, Mid Western Development Region via Indian Border
  • Mahana, Far Western Development Region via Indian Border
  • Gadda Chauki, Far Western Development Region via Indian Border

 

 

 

Climate In Nepal

 

 Temperature Chart in Degree Celsius

Month Kathmandu Pokhara Chitwan Biratnagar
Max Min Max Min Max Min Max Min
January 19 2 20 8 24 7 23 8
February 20 4 21 8 26 8 26 8
March 25 8 27 11 33 12 31 11
April 30 11 30 16 35 18 33 16
May 30 16 30 19 35 20 33 19
June 30 20 30 20 35 20 32 20
July 20 21 30 21 33 24 32 21
August 29 20 30 21 33 24 31 21
September 27 19 29 20 32 22 31 20
October 23 15 27 18 31 18 31 18
November 23 4 23 11 29 12 30 11
December 20 2 20 8 24 8 27 8

 

Rainfall Chart in millimeter

Month Kathmandu Pokhara Chitwan Biratnagar
January 25 15 10 15
February 25 15 10 10
March 75 30 10 15
April 50 50 15 50
May 100 300 200 125
June 225 575 300 475
July 375 800 500 500
August 360 700 450 350
September 175 575 400 275
October 20 220 100 100
November 10 20 5 10
December 10 5 5 5

 

Tourist Information

Foreign Exchange:

  • ­Foreign currencies should be exchanged only at Banks or at government authorized foreign money exchange. Receipts from transaction should be obtained which will be useful to change remaining Nepali currency into desired foreign currency as per departure time.

Airport Tax:

  • Airport tax for domestic flight is Rs. 200 which is almost equivalent to US $2 on basis of exchange rate US $ 1 = Rs. 100

Time:

  • Nepal’s standard time is 5 hr. & 45 min ahead of GMT, and 15 min ahead of Indian Standard Time

Official Holiday:

  • Official holiday in Nepal is on Saturday during Saturday most of government office are closed regardless of some private sectors as most business house however remain open on Saturday as well

Working Hours:

  • Government as well as private offices open from 10 AM to 5 PM in summer and 10 AM to 4 PM in winter, however some private sectors run extended evening counter

Some Do’s & Don’t:

  • “Namaste” is major form of greeting in Nepal which is performed by joining the both palm together
  • Remember to remove shoes before entering home, temple, stupa & monasteries
  • Dress appropriately while travelling
  • Ask for permission before entering Hindu Temple, as many Hindu Temple do not allow foreigners to enter except they are Hindu by religion
  • Ask for permission before taking photographs
  • Do not eat from other’s plate & drink from other glass as it is considered as impure by Nepalese
  • Do not give money to beggars and hawkers

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